The Science Behind Rhyming PT.3 | JUGGLING



This video is part 3 to a series I’ve been doing on the science of rhyming. In part 1 I covered the sounds of rhyming, in part 2 I covered the timing and patterns of rhyming. And in this video, I’ll be covering how to juggle multiple rhymes at once.

The Science of Rhyming Part 3: Juggling

Juggling Rhyme Schemes

One surefire way to improve your rhyming skills is to start juggling multiple rhymes within your bars.

Most beginner rappers will only rhyme on their end rhymes. For example…

Now this sounded perfectly fine as is. But if this is the only rhyming technique I used for an entire verse it would be too predictable and basic which would leave a lot to be desired.

Internal Rhyme Scheme

Picking Words To Rhyme

Now one way I could spice things up is by using an internal rhyme scheme. When I’m trying to determine which words to create a rhyme scheme out of I often pick words that are stressed. Stressed just means they’re held a little longer or said with a little more emphasis. This gives them a 3d like effect like they’re poking out from the rest of the words.

On my first bar “teach”, “rhyme”, and “back” all feel like good choices.

Also, notice how all of these stressed words happened to be landing on beats.

This is a common technique rappers use because kicks typically land on the 1st and 3rd beat and snares typically land on the 2nd and 4th beat. And these are some of the loudest parts of an instrumental. So rappers will often add stressed words on these beats to ride the groove of the instrumental which causes their words to poke out to match these highly energetic parts of the instrumental.

Again this is a technique, not a rule. You can place your stressed words anywhere and you don’t always have to rhyme using stressed words either.

In this case, I decided to rhyme with the word “rhyme”.

Now another thing I consider when picking which word to rhyme with is what I’m trying to say. I will start cycling through the words I’ve identified as good words to potentially rhyme with and then I’ll start thinking of words that rhyme with them. I will then often pick the first word that has a rhyme connected to it that would make sense in context with what I’m trying to say. 

So in this case I picked “rhyme” because the word “time” rhymed with it and I decided I could tie it in by basically saying “I’m not going to waste your time”.

As you can see I decided to place Time on the 2nd beat to be aligned in time with rhyme.

Understanding this thought process is very important because it will prevent you from chasing rhyme schemes so much that your lyrics no longer make sense. This means that you will often think of a lot more rhymes than you decide not to use.

2nd Internal Rhyme Scheme

I also decided to create another internal rhyme scheme on beat 3 of bar 3 and 4 by rhyming “Whole” with “Yo”. This rhyme scheme is a little more subtle because these are neighboring rhymes which means they’re close to each other but aren’t perfectly aligned in time. Also “yo” isn’t stressed as much as “whole” is.

Internal Rhymes Scheme

The next way that I increased the density of my rhymes is by using internal rhymes.

On bar 3 I rhymed “pply” on beat 1, with “fie” on beat 2

And on bar 4 I rhymed “work” on beat 2 with “dirt” on beat 3.

By the way, the instrumental I’m using in this tutorial is a beat that I produced called “Spaced Out”. If you like it, you can get it here.

3 Ways To Transition Into A New Rhyme Scheme

Now let’s talk about something alot of rappers struggling with when it comes to rhyming and that’s transitioning into new rhyme schemes

[1] Create an internal rhyme on the next bar before new end rhyme

A great way to transition into a new rhyme scheme is by creating an internal rhyme on the bar that comes after the rhyme scheme you’re transitioning out of.

In this example on bars 1 and 2 my end rhyme is “goal” and “role”. And on bars 3 and 4 it’s “day” and “race”. 

To pull off this transition I simply created an internal rhyme on bar 3 with “pray” and “slay” which rhymes with “day”. This allows the listener to go ahead and get a quick payoff instead of making them wait until the end of bar 4 to hear my new rhyme scheme be completed.

With this technique, your internal rhyme doesn’t have to rhyme with your end rhyme. In fact, anytime you can create an internal rhyme with any words, it’s going to make your bars sound more catchy.

In addition to this internal rhyme I also created an internal rhyme on bar 1 with “mission” and “wishin”

Bar 2 with “time man” and “grindin”

Bar 3 with “movin” and “pushin”

Bar 4 with “Carry on” “marathon” and “twisted” and “isn’t”

Internal rhymes are awesome, and they are a great tool to use for transitioning into new rhyme schemes.

[2] Extended End Rhyme + new Internal Rhyme with End Rhyme.

Another awesome way to transition into a new rhyme scheme is by extending the end rhyme you’re about to end by placing a word that rhymes with it toward the beginning of the following bar.

For example, for these 4 bars, my end rhyme on my first two bars is “goal” and “roll”. Then I transitioned into my new rhyme scheme on bar 3 by extending my end rhyme by rhyming with “Cole” on the 1st beat.

To make this sound even better I created a new internal rhyme with  “J” that rhymes with my new end rhyme “shade”. I love using multiple moves like this because it doesn’t feel like we’re just sitting around for the next rhyme scheme to be completed.

Also as you can see I added a really cool new dense internal rhyme on bar 4 with “tripping”, “pimpin”, and “win it” to give my rhymes even more dynamics for this 4-bar section. 

[3] Pause + Shift End Rhyme

Another great way to transition into a new rhyme scheme is by simply pausing. This is doing two things. One is it’s changing your cadence and allowing you to pull back the energy of your rap flow. Two, it’s giving the listener a moment to think about what you just said or hold them in suspense about what you’re going to say next.

This works particularly well if you just delivered a nice punch-line as I did here by saying “want some bread? Then know your role.” 

Or you could leave your listener hanging in suspense during your pause. For example, “what she said next will forever haunt me……..she said I smell like dirty laundry.

In this example, I stretched out the word “roll” to fill in some of the empty space I was leaving behind. Then I paused and led into the 3rd beat. Also, another technique I’m using here is I’ve shifted the placement of my end rhyme. On bars 1 and 2 my end rhymes are on the 4th beat but on bars 3 and 4 my end rhymes are landing before the 4th beat.

You don’t have to shift your end rhymes like this to use this pausing technique. This just made these bars fill a little more different than the first two bars which is what I was going for.

Also notice how I created an internal rhyme on bar 4 with “game” and “change” to give the listener more of a pay off before my end rhyme scheme is completed. Here’s how that sounds.

Rhyme Scheme Length

Now if you’re wondering how long you should keep a rhyme scheme going before transitioning into a new one, the answer is simple. Once you’ve reached an even number of bars in your rhyme scheme you can switch it. So at the minimum, your rhyme scheme should be at least 2 bars before switching it to keep it even which makes it sound complete.

Now as I say at the end of my videos, when it comes to rapping, there’s no rules, there’s only techniques. Keep what I just said in mind because now I’m going to show you how to have an odd-numbered rhyme scheme while still making it sound complete.

How To Break A Rhyme Scheme

If you want to pull off an odd rhyme scheme that sounds complete break it on the 3rd bar with an internal rhyme and then complete it on the 4th.

 

In this example, my end rhyme on bar 1 is “goal”, and on bar 2 I complete this rhyme scheme with “roll”.

On bar 3 I change my end rhyme to “relaxin” which I also rhymed with my internal rhyme of “passion” and “action”. 

At this point the listener is thinking I’ve just moved on to a new rhyme scheme because I just completed my 2 bar rhyme scheme and subconsciously they’re expecting me to complete my new end rhyme scheme on the end of bar 4 by rhyming with “relaxin”.

But instead on bar 4 I created an internal rhyme scheme with “yappin” and “cappin” which rhymes with “passion” and “action” from bar 3. And then on my end rhyme I used the word “toll” to rhyme with my end rhyme from bars 1 and 2 which made my end rhyme scheme an odd number while having an even number for my internal rhyme scheme on bars 3 and 4.

So technically this rhyme scheme is both odd and even which still gives it an element of completeness.

Again My name is Cole Mize with ColeMizeStudios.com where I strive to make you a better rapper now. If you’re looking to perfect your rap skills be sure to check the link below for  free eBook The #1 Fundamental to rapping.

And always remember, when it comes to rapping, there’s no rules, there’s only techniques. Peace!

Related Post

>